The eye was not the first among of the organs to get transplanted stem cells.
It is the organ that responsible and able to see how beautiful the world is. Eyes can be able to detect the light from the environment and transfer information to the brain. This complex organ, the eye, is made up of multiple and specialized components. And these components are made up of many cell types, and each type has a specific job to do. So that, the tissues can be able to perform those specialized roles.
There are some of the stem cells analyst and even the drug developers that says, the eye is the perfect organ for treatment with stem cells therapeutics. Although, it has little requires a couple of cell for the efficacy. And it is immune privileged by which means allogeneic transplants might be used with some little risks of immune rejection.
The eye is also the main part of the CNS or what we called the central nervous system that visible and accessible. So, the analysts can follow transplanted cells noninvasively using these procedures. That ends up being an extraordinary tools for us in trying to figure it out that these things may work or not.
Despite the fact that there are hundreds, if not thousands, of illnesses that influence the eye, most cell restorative projects to date have concentrated on macular degeneration. It includes the loss of RPE or what we called the retinal pigment epithelium cells, which secrete growth factors are required for the function of the rods and cones. One approach to end the infection is replacing the retinal pigment epithelium cells and/or providing a substitution to the stem to proceeded with degeneration of the photoreceptors.